Enoch 18

1. I then surveyed the receptacles (hollow object used to contain something/storerooms )  of all the winds, perceiving that 

  • they contributed to adorn(embroider)  the whole creation, and 
  • to preserve the foundation of the earth.

2. I surveyed the stone which supports the corners of the earth/(the cornerstone of earth) 

3. I also beheld the four winds, which bear up the earth, and the firmament of heaven.

4. And I beheld the winds 

  • occupying the exalted sky/ (ride the heights of heaven) 
  • 5. Arising in the midst (stand between) of heaven and of earth, and 
  • constituting the pillars of heaven.

6. I saw the winds 

  • which turn the sky, 
  • which cause the orb of the sun and of all the stars to set; and over the earth 
  • I saw the winds which support the clouds.(souls carried by the clouds) 

7. I saw the path of the angels.

8. I perceived at the extremity of the earth the firmament of heaven above it. 

he South Pole experiences a six month period of darkness in winter and a six month period of sunlight in summer.

Then I passed on towards the south;

  • 9. Where burnt, both by day and night,
  • six mountains formed of glorious stones; 
  • three towards the east, and 
  • three towards the south.

    10. Those which were towards the east were of a variegated stone; one of which was of margarite, and another of antimonyThose towards the south were of a red stoneThe middle one reached to heaven like the throne of God; a throne composed of alabaster, the top of which was of sapphire

    78°35’S, 85°25’W. Part of the Sentinel Range and 1200km (746 miles) from the South Pole.

    Synonyms custodian, guardian, keeper, lookout, minder, picket, guard, sentry, warden, warder, watch, watcher, watchman

    I saw, too, a blazing fire hanging over all the mountains.

    11. And there I saw a place on the other side of an extended territory, where waters were collected.

    12. I likewise beheld terrestrial fountains, deep in the fiery columns of heaven. 13. And in the columns of heaven I beheld fires, which descended without number, but neither on high, nor into the deep. Over these fountains also I perceived 

    • a place which had neither the firmament of heaven above it, 
    • nor the solid ground underneath it; 
    • neither was there water above it, 
    • nor anything on wing; 
    • but the spot was desolate.

    14. And there I beheld seven stars, like great blazing mountains, and like spirits entreating me.

    21:1 And I went around to a place where not one thing took place.21:2 And I saw there something terrible, no high heavens, no    
    21:3founded earth, but a void place, awful and terrible.21:3And there I saw   
    21:4seven stars of heaven, tied together to it, like great mountains, and flaming as if by fire.

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    15. Then the angel said, This place, until the consummation of heaven and earth, will be the prison of the stars, and the host of heaven.

    16. The stars which roll over fire are those which transgressed the commandment of God before their time arrived; for they came not in their proper season. Therefore was He offended with them, and bound them, until the period of the consummation of their crimes in the secret year.

    Chapter 19 

    1. Then Uriel said, Here the angels, who cohabited with women, appointed their leaders;

    2. And being numerous in appearance made men profane, and caused them to err; so that they sacrificed to devils as to gods. 

    For in the great day there shall be a judgment, with which they shall be judged, until they are consumed; and their wives also shall be judged, who led astray the angels of heaven that they might salute them.

    3. And I, Enoch, I alone saw the likeness of the end of all things. Nor did any human being see it, as I saw it.

    Who are they?  They are the Fallen Angels,  not to be confused with the rebellious angels.  


    Mount Moriah

    The importance of Mount Moriah is established by a key historical event which have taken place there: Abraham Offers Isaac – It was here where Abraham’s faith was tested when God instructed him to offer up his son Isaac in sacrifice (Gen.Gen. 22:1). 

    Modern Babylon /New York

    There are more verses of Scripture (over 250) that speak of the two Babylons than of any other city or nation on Earth, except for Jerusalem and Israel. Entire chapters of the Bible devoted to Babylon include: Isaiah 13, 14, 47; Jeremiah 50, 51; and Revelation 17 and 18.


    One world government 

    New York City, USA, is the location for the only world-governing body, i.e., the United Nations, which is dominated (behind the scenes) by the USA. T
    he location where all the world’s leaders come to meet – the headquarters of world government (Revelation 17:18; Jeremiah 51:44)

    Trade in sensual goods

    The USA rules the nations of the world through her trade with them in sensual and material goods and services, making the nations of the world “drunk with the wine of her fornication.”  called the “Queen of Kingdoms” – controls the other kingdoms/nations of the world (Revelation 17:2; Isaiah 47:5)

    NYC is morally and spiritually impure in its sensual, hedonistic lifestyle, pandering to sexual interests – prostitution, pornography, and so forth – drug use, wild “partying,” and its occult connections. NYC is the largest occult merchandising center in the world. Besides the immense number of fortune tellers, psychics, and occult shops, there are mail order houses for occult items. There is also an aspect of the occult exemplified by the “Amityville Horror” (Amityville is a town in the NYC metropolitan area, next to Babylon, NY), where there are reportedly “doorways to Hell”.noted for spiritual and moral ‘dirtiness’ and impurity (by implication: wantonness, reveling, involvement in the occult, etc.) (Revelation 17:1-6; 18:2, 4-9, 23; Isaiah 47:8, 9, 12)

    Engine of wealth

    NYC, the home of the World Trade Center, the NY Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange, NASDAQ, the New York Commodities and Mercantile Exchanges, the Federal Reserve Bank – the largest bank in the world—as well as the most powerful concentration of American banks. The United States of America, with its numerous great cities of international commerce – Seattle, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Houston, Chicago, Dallas, New York, et al. If the economy of the U.S. collapses, virtually all the economies of the world will collapse. The leading center of world commerce – the “engine of wealth” of the world’s economy (Revelation 18:11, 15, 16, 19, 22, 23; Isaiah 47:15)

    Import and Export 

    The ports of New York/Jersey make NYC the leading deep water port city in the Western Hemisphere, especially as the marketplace center and gateway to America, where world prices are most often correlated to NYC/USA prices. The NYC port, together with all the other deep water ports surrounding the nation, make the USA by far the leading import/export nation of the world. Tthe leading center of imports and exports (Revelation 18:11-13


    NYC has been the leading center of corporate headquarters for manufacturing in the world. Certainly, the USA is the world’s industrial giant . it is therefor a leading center of manufacturing (Revelation 18:22)

    Trade in precious goods

    NYC is the center for world trade in gold, silver, copper, oil, precious gems, cloth/clothing/fashions, lumber, containers, household items, furniture, iron, marble, ivory, spices, cosmetics, health products, wine, grains/foods, livestock, transportation, and services (Revelation 18:11-13).  

    NYC is the world’s foremost city of commodities trading, with these commodities exchanges trading daily: Coffee, Sugar, Tea & Cocoa Exchange; New York Cotton Exchange (also trades orange juice); New York Mercantile Exchange: crude oil, gasoline, natural gas, heating oil, platinum, palladium; New York Mercantile Comex Division: gold, silver, copper. 

    Chicago is also a world leader in commodities trading with the following exchanges: Chicago Board of Trade: wheat, corn, oats, soybeans, soybean oil, soybean meal, also U. S. Treasury notes, and stock indexes; Chicago Mercantile Exchange: cattle, hogs, bacon, wood-lumber, and all major world currencies. 

    World prices for the following “cash” commodities are also set or keyed from the USA. (Source: Wall Street Journal): barley, bran, burlap, butter, broiler chickens, eggs, coconut oil, cottonseed oil, palm oil, lard, tallow, wool, aluminum, lead, mercury, steel, tin, zinc, rubber. 

    Also, Chicago is where the world’s currencies are traded and is the location for trading all U. S. Federal Treasury Securities on a ‘futures’ basis, though initial offerings are derived from the NYC Fed Reserve. Also, Chicago holds futures trading on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index and the Major Market Index, plus stock options trading as well as commodity options trading. New York City is also a leader in the marketing of: diamonds, precious gems, iron, ivory, marble, spices, cosmetics, legal pharmaceutical drugs, professional services especially related to media and the arts. NYC is also the main import city for fine foreign wines from around the world.

    Marketing of goods

    Babylon will be the center for expertise in marketing, merchandising, public relations, advertising & sales (Revelation 17:2; 18:3, 23; 19:2). New York’s Madison Avenue is the ‘nerve center’ and informal world headquarters for the world’s best and most prestigious advertising, marketing & merchandising companies. Madison Ave. is home to the world’s best salesmen those from advertising and the public relations fields, where the whole world learns and follows the latest techniques of how to ‘move’ or sell goods and services. It is the largest marketing center in the U. S. and the world. 

    Trade in Art and Culture 

    Babylon will be noted for its culture and aesthetics (music, art, dance, theater, etc.) (Revelation 18:22). New York is the key cultural city of the world: Carnegie Hall, Madison Square Garden, Radio City Music Hall, Lincoln Center, Broadway theaters, Greenwich Village, Manhattan’s world class restaurants, TV networks, newspapers (NY Times, etc.), magazine and book publishers, Rockefeller Center, world-famous museums & art galleries, Times Square, Manhattan, and the whole City of New York, immortalized in songs and movies. It is also the location of more book publishers, plays, and movies than any other city in the world.

    Elite lifestyles 

    Babylon will be noted for its intoxicating High Society, elegant, and sumptuous lifestyle (Revelation 17:2; 18:3, 14; Isaiah 47:1, 8; Jeremiah 51:13).  Park Avenue, penthouse lifestyles of the rich and famous, Trump Towers, the noted lifestyle of New York is glamorous, glitzy, and sumptuous.


    Babylon will be noted for its bright, gaudy, colored lights and nightlife (Revelation 18:14).  NYC is called the “city that never sleeps” as Sinatra’s song says about New York, … “I wanna wake up in the city that never sleeps … to find I’m king of the hill, top of the heap … these little town blues keep melting away …” New York offers the glitter of Manhattan, Broadway’s lights, and the lights of Times Square, plus the entire nighttime skyline of NYC. Another U. S. city world-famous for its lights and nightlife is Las Vegas, Nevada.

    New York city nighttime skyline

    Trade in pharmacia

    Babylon will be noted for its drug consumption and importation (especially illegal) (Revelation 18:23 – Note that the primary meaning of the Greek word pharmakeia, translated “sorceries” in Revelation 18:23, is “the use or administering of drugs.”).  NYC is the largest center of legal and illicit drug consumption in the world, especially hard-core drugs, like heroin and cocaine. The USA’s lengthy sea coast borders and borders with Canada and Mexico make it especially vulnerable to illicit drug traffic.


    Babylon will be noted for its architecture, buildings and skyline (Isaiah 13:22).  New York’s architecture – its super-tall or mega-story skyscrapers like the World Trade Center (the world’s tallest building before it was destroyed), the Empire State Building, Rockefeller Center, the UN building, reach into the sky, similar to the Tower of Babel and the ziggurats of ancient Babylon.


    Babylon will be noted for being a city/nation of immigrants from all over the world – an international city (Jeremiah 50:37; 51:44).  NYC is a city of immigrants, and always has been. It has been the historic point-of-entry for immigrants and is epitomized by the quote on the Statue of Liberty: “Give me your … huddled masses yearning to be free.” NYC is host to the UN. It has “China Town”, “Little Italy”, “Little Moscow”, “Little Bombay”, “Little Tokyo”, “Little Mexico”, “Little Havana”, etc. Unlike any other city in the world, every single ethnic group has its own little community in NYC. The USA in general is known as the “melting pot of the world.”

    Babylon will be a cosmopolitan and urban nation (Jeremiah 50:32).  America started as a rural, agricultural nation, but the life of the nation revolves around the cities now.

    Babylon will be noted for being both hated and envied by the world (Revelation 17:16; 18:9, 11,15, 17, 19).  The city that seems to inspire the most animosity, disgust, and even hatred is New York City. The most denounced country in the world is the United States. “Yankee go Home” has been a popular slogan in many countries around the world for the last generation. Yet, at the same time, the U. S. is the most admired nation for its accomplishments and affluent lifestyle.

    Babylon Is noted for its waste and wasteful extravagance – overconsumption (Revelation 18:3, 7, 9, 16).  NYC is like no other in consumption – noted for its extravagance. The waste by-product volume is so enormous as to be mind-boggling, practically bringing the city to a stand-still at times. One of the first impressions a visitor gets is the dirtiness of the streets and the city as a whole.

    Babylon Could be said to worship materialism or things (Revelation 18:6-7).  NYC, like no other city on the earth, epitomizes the worship of materialism. NYC newspapers abound with gossip and news about the wealthy, like the Trumps, the Leona Helmsleys, the Rockefellers, the Kennedy family, the magnates of Wall Street, Madison Avenue, and Broadway, along with movie stars and other famous celebrities and artists. Wall Street is where some of the temples of materialism (called “capitalism”) abound. Manhattan is crammed with temples to capitalism of every kind.

    Babylon  Reflects the image of hyper-selfishness and pride (Revelation 18:7).  NYC carries an image of hyper-selfishness and rudeness, not only the rich with their extravagant lifestyles, but the common people convey it through everyday rudeness, as exemplified by cab drivers and subway passengers. Also, scenes from sporting events of sports fans pushing and shoving, and arguing, and insulting each other, along with their fickleness toward even the hometown teams and stars.

    Babylon Promotes itself – is extremely proud and arrogant—to the point of “self-deification” (Revelation 18:7; Isaiah 47:8, 10; Jeremiah 50:31, 32).  NYC – “the Big Apple” . . . again, through songs like Sinatra’s “New York, New York”, but also through its media, through its publications, through Wall Street, and its show biz. Its leaders worship their own accomplishments in the city, and the city itself, especially the Statue of Liberty, giving a religious-like homage to the statue, to capitalism, and to liberty that the city “gave birth to.”

    Babylon  Promulgates and exports Idolatries – is “insanely idolatrous” (Revelation 18:3-7; Isaiah 21:9; Jeremiah 50:38).  The leaders of NYC and the U.S.A., through the media – the networks, newspapers, and magazines – and through Madison Avenue and Wall Street, promulgate the religion of capitalism-materialism (i.e., worship of material riches) more blatantly than does any other city/nation on the earth. Worship of sports heroes and celebrities is also pure idolatry. (Why do you think one of the most popular TV shows is called “American Idol”?)

    Babylon Is treacherous and deceit-filled in its political and business dealings (Revelation 18:23; Isaiah 21:2).  Wall Street and American business in general is cut-throat. The U.S. government has a long history of deceiving its own people, including but certainly not limited to the effects of scientific experiments involving nuclear radiation upon innocent civilians, the reasons for invading Vietnam, Bosnia, Iraq, etc., scandals like Watergate, sexual affairs in the White House, hiding information about UFOs, detention (torture) facilities for political prisoners, tax loopholes for the wealthy elite, dealing treacherously with other nations (like Israel) … ad nauseum.

    NYC Shares a similar distinction with ancient Babylon as being the host country for the majority of the world’s Jewish population (from about 600 BCE, when Israel was taken into captivity, until 400 CE, Babylon had the world’s largest Jewish population) (Revelation 18:4; also Jeremiah 50:8, 28; 51: 6, 45; Isaiah 48:20).  NYC has the largest population of Jews in America, and the U. S. is home to more Jewish people than anywhere in the world, except perhaps Israel, most of whose ancestors came to America during the Russian pogroms against the Jews between 1821 and 1905. 

    Babylon Has been a persecutor of Jews and is treacherous in her dealings with the Jews (Jeremiah 50:11).  When Hitler offered to let the Jews leave Germany just before World War II, the USA refused to accept them, in fact, sent a shipload back, where they probably died in the Nazi death camps. There is strong evidence that the American government is dealing treacherously with Israel today – claiming to be her ally, but really using her as a pawn to keep us involved in the Mideast, while setting her up to be destroyed by the surrounding, hostile Muslim nations.

    Babylon Is the “daughter” of another great superpower nation (Jeremiah 50:12).  The USA was founded by citizens of England, the world’s greatest superpower nation at the time – until the 1920s. America is the only superpower nation in history that has been produced by another superpower nation. 

    Babylon What city/state/nation is the lone and last (“hindermost”) “superpower” in the world (Revelation 17:18; 18:7; Isaiah 47:5, 8, 10; Jeremiah 50:12).  Since the demise of the Soviet Union in 1989, the USA has been the only, and probably the last, “superpower” nation in the world.

    Babylon Is considered to be the “world’s policeman” – the “hammer of the world” (Jeremiah 50:23).  The USA has over 7,000 military installations and/or bases all over the world, in 63 nations, especially in the world’s “hotspots.” For example, Iran is completely surrounded by ten U. S. air bases, located in countries bordering Iran. Just stop and consider all the incidents in which the U. S. has used military power to intervene and stop conflict: Bosnia, Somalia, Haiti, Kuwait, Panama, Grenada, Vietnam, Korea, Afghanistan, and Iraq come to mind. 

    Babylon Has no fear and little reason to fear invasion ofits home soil by foreign armies (Isaiah 18:1-2; 47:7-8).  The USA has, including its Star Wars technology and massive air defense, its “stealth technology” and “black ops” project, by far the most powerful, seemingly impenetrable national defense in the world. Protected by two oceans and a gulf, America is isolated geographically from the turmoil of Europe, Asia, and Africa. It would be seemingly impossible to launch a naval/amphibious invasion against America by any or all nations combined. The world’s combined naval strength could not transport enough armed units to successfully invade America. With the demise of the Soviet Union, the main concern at the present time is the possibility of terrorist action (by which Scripture indicates America will be destroyed).

    New Babylon will carriy over and incorporated many aspects of the old Babylonian religion, particularly in regard to art symbols and figures (Jeremiah 50:2, 38). NYC is the world’s only city whose image is so closely linked to Babylonian religion. The Statue of Liberty and NYC are inseparably linked, and such a union is unprecedented in world history. Not even in Rome or Greece could a city boast of such an identification with such a profound or dominant figure as that of “Liberty.” No other city has had such an imposing statue of a woman with an ideal or philosophy to uphold or to offer to the world. Meanwhile, Revelation 17:5 refers to the woman as “The Mother of Harlots” (practitioners of false religion). The Statue of Liberty may very well be said to be the main American idol. Other examples of Babylonian-type symbols used in America include the statue of freedom on the Capitol Dome in Washington D. C., the symbols on the currency, such as the pyramid with the ‘eye’ at its top, the ‘Apollo’ (the Greek name of an ancient Babylonian god) space program, many of the Masonic symbols spread throughout the land, including those at the Denver Airport.

    An important passage identifying ancient Babylon as the center of all religious error and hence spiritual prostitution of mankind, is Isaiah 47: Come down and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon; sit on the ground without a throne O daughter of the ChaldeansFor you shall no more be called tender and delicateTake the millstones and grind meal, put off your veil, strip off your robe, uncover your legs, pass through the rivers. Your nakedness shall be seen. I will take vengeance, and I will spare no man. Our Redeemer—the LORD of hosts is his name—is the Holy One of Israel. Sit in silence, and go into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans; for you shall no more be called the mistress of kingdoms. I was angry with my people, I profaned my heritage; I gave them into your hand, you showed them no mercy; on the aged you made your yoke exceedingly heavy. You said, ‘I shall be mistress for ever,’ so that you did not lay these things to heart or remember their end. “Now therefore hear this, you lover of pleasures, who sit securely, who say in your heart, ‘I am, and there is no one besides me; I shall not sit as a widow or know the loss of children’: These two things shall come to you, in one day; the loss of children and widowhood shall come upon you in full measure, in spite of your many sorceries and the great power of your enchantmentsYou felt secure in your wickedness, you said, ‘No one sees me’; your wisdom and your knowledge led you astray, and you said in your heart, ‘I am and there is no one besides me.’ But evil shall come upon you suddenlyof which you know nothingStand fast in your enchantments and your many sorceries, with which you have labored from your youth; perhaps you may be able to succeed, perhaps you may inspire terror. You are wearied with your many counsels; let them stand forth and save you, those who divide the heavens, who gaze at the stars, who at the new moons predict what shall befall you. Behold, they are like stubble, the fire consumes them; they cannot deliver themselves from the power of the flame. No coal for warming oneself is this, no fire to sit before! Such to you are those with whom you have labored, who have trafficked with you from your youth; they wander about each in his own direction; there is no one to save you.”

    Babylon will be noted for the natural created beauty of its land (Isaiah 13:19).  “America the Beautiful” … for spacious skies, for amber waves of grain, for purple mountains majesty, from sea to shining sea …The Shenandoah Valley, The Mississippi River, the Rocky Mountains, the Grand Canyon, Old Faithful, Redwood Forests, the Great Lakes, etc.

    America Is noted for being highly and overly optimistic, confident of its success, with a “can-do” attitude, especially about its future (Isaiah 47:7-10).  America has always been the nation of optimism – a John Wayne type of “can-do” attitude.

    Babylon Is considered by the world to have had a unique and remarkable beginning, different from all the other nations before it, has been awe-inspiring since its birth with regards to its ingenuity, resourcefulness, and power, and is still awe-inspiring – considered powerful and oppressive – to the world today (Isaiah 18:2).  No nation other than America has had such a unique beginning, overcoming, against all odds, her own parent nation (Great Britain), the most powerful nation on the earth at the time; then quickly establishing herself as a mighty nation with a unique, representative form of government.

    Babylon will be noted as a land of rebels, not only in its birth, but now in its judgment for rebellion against Yahuah (Jeremiah 50:24; 51:1).  The U. S. started out as a land of rebels. There was the rebellion for independence, and the rebellion of the South against the North, causing the Civil War, the student rebellion against the Vietnam War, etc. Indeed, stubbornness and rebellion are practically considered virtues in America.

    Babylon will be noted for its cultural insanity (Jeremiah 50:38).  The U. S. and NYC, Hollywood, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and much more. You pick the topic: abortion, movies, TV, music, pornography, child abuse, cloning, drugs, murders, gangs, divorce, celebrity and hero worship . . . ad infinitum – a culture gone crazy.

    Babylon will be noted for its being a land of many fresh waters, with a broad river in its middle and divided by many rivers (i.e., abundant, clean, fresh water for drinking, which is unique in that most nations have poor water supplies) (Jeremiah 51:13, 36).  The USA is blessed with the far more fresh water sources than any other nation on the earth – tremendous numbers of rivers, including the Mississippi, which divides the country as did the Euphrates in Babylon, and other large rivers, which divide the rest of the country; hundreds of fresh water lakes, including the Great Lakes, plus abundant underground aquifers for most of the nation.

    There are numerous other identification characteristics of modern Babylon listed in Scripture. But hopefully you can tell that when the time arrives for modern, prophesied Babylon to play her part on the world stage, Yahuah does not want anyone who studies and believes His Word to have any doubt about who she is; Scripture is crystal clear about that. Don’t you agree? Babylon, claiming to be a good, Christian nation, is actually the ultimate false (anti-) Christian nation – the most evil, “beast” nation in the history of the world, whose true ruler is Satan himself. And can there be any doubt at all in anyone’s mind who has even a tenuous grip on reality that modern Babylonia is indeed the United States of America, with her ”great city,” New York City? 

    American gods

    And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground.


    Columbia, a personification of the United States (much like Britannia for the UK and Marianne for France), is a face of a demon, as are female representations of Liberty and Freedom.  Columbia is the feminine personification of America, who first appears in the poetry of African-American Phillis Wheatley in 1776 in a letter to George Washington during the revolutionary war. Throughout the Revolution, the image of Columbia was used all over the new America: cities were named for her, songs were sung about her, and her image can be seen throughout the architecture and art of the period. 

    Until 1932, the United States had a Goddess depicted on nearly every coin minted; the Goddess of Liberty. She was the focus of the Morgan Dollar, the Peace Dollar, the Seated Liberty dollar…the dime that people refer to as a “Mercury Dime,” was actually a “Goddess of Free Thought,” designed by Mint designer Adolf Weinman. 


    Osiris (Asir) was the first son of Geb and Nut and the brother of SetHorus (the elder)Isis and NephthysOsiris was considered to be the king of the underworld, and is the only deity who is referred to simply as “god”.

    George Washington as the Roman god Zeus

    Artist’s impression of the statue of Zeus in the Temple of Zeus

    Roman Empire Eagle

    Nazi Empire Eagle

    Iranian Royal standard Eagle

    Old Babylon 

    History of Babylon as a city:

    Key Dates

    The so-called Weidner Chronicle states that Sargon of Akkad( 2300 BC)  had built Babylon “in front of Akkad“.  Another later chronicle likewise states that Sargon “dug up the dirt of the pit of Babylon, and made a counterpart of Babylon next to Akkad“. Ctesias, quoted by Diodorus Siculus and inGeorge Syncellus‘s Chronographia, claimed to have access to manuscripts from Babylonian archives, which date the founding of Babylon to 2286 BC, under the reign of its first king,Belus.

    1900BC: Babylon becomes chief city of the Amorites.

    The Amorite king Hammurabi conquered the whole of Mesopotamia, which then became known as Babylonia.

    1792-1750BC: Reign of King Hammurabi, law-giver and conqueror of Mesopotamia.

    King Hammurabi decided to unify the laws, which were inscribed on a stone stela, or tablet, of black basalt rock. They include laws about money, property, the family and the rights of slaves. The phrase “an eye for an eye and a tooth from a tooth” comes from Hammurabi’s laws.

    Claiming to be the successor of the more ancient Sumero-Akkadian city of Eridu, Babylon eclipsed Nippur as the “holy city” of Mesopotamia around the time Amorite king Hammurabi created the first short lived Babylonian Empire in the 18th century BC. 

    1595-1155BC: The Kassites rule the city of Babylon.

    The Kassites were members of a small military aristocracy but were efficient rulers and not locally unpopular. Their 500-year reign laid an essential groundwork for the development of subsequent Babylonian culture

    900BC: The Chaldeans take over Babylon and begin to rebuild it.  Marduk is made the chief deity of the city. 

    The symbol of the chief Babylonian-Assyrian god Marduk was the dragon

    In the 7th century BC the Assyrians, under Sennacherib, overwhelm the BabyloniansSennacherib appals many in Mesopotamia by his brutal destruction, in 689, of the ancient city of Babylon.

    605-562BC: Reign of King Nebuchadnezzar. He builds the great Hanging Gardens as well as the ziggurat to worship Marduk. Babylon is the most sophisticated city in the Near East.

    The Hanging Gardens were described as a remarkable feat of engineering: an ascending series of tiered gardens containing all manner of trees, shrubs, and vines. The gardens were said to have looked like a large green mountain constructed of mud bricks.

    The Etemenanki Ziggurat (ziggurat meaning “house of the frontier between heaven and earth”) was built in dedication to Marduk, a god descending from the sun deity and literally meaning “solar calf.” 

    The gate of Ishtar was the eight gate to the inner city of Babylon

    1In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him… 6So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead….10At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem, and the city was besieged. 11And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, and his servants did besiege it. 12And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign… 17And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father’s brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah1Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem …4And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it, and built forts against it round about…. 

    9Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him. 10And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah. 

    Jeremiah 52:11 

    Then he put out Zedekiah‘s eyes, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon, where he put him in prison till the day of his death.  

    2 Chronicles 36:6 

    Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon attacked him and bound him with bronze shackles to take him to Babylon 

    The Temple and the City Burned

    12Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem, 13And burned the house of the LORD, and the king’s house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men, burned he with fire: 

    Ezra 5:12  

    But because our ancestors angered the God of heaven, he gave them into the hands
    of Nebuchadnezzar the Chaldean, king of Babylon, who destroyed this temple and  

    539 — 331 BC: The Persians conquered Babylon through Cyrus the great.   

    Cyrus the great

    Jeremiah 28:3 

    Within two years I will bring back to this place all the articles of the LORD’s
    house that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon removed from here and took to Babylon  

    Babylonian Exile, also called Babylonian Captivity, the forced detention of Jews in Babylonia following the latter’s conquest of the kingdom of Judah in 598/7 and 587/6 bce. The exile formally ended in 538 bce, when the Persian conqueror of Babylonia, Cyrus the Great, gave the Jews permission to return to Palestine.

    331- 323 BC: The Greeks conquered Babylon through Alexander the great. After his death the city virtually ran empty due to fighting. 

    Alexander the great

    A tablet dated 275 BC states that the inhabitants of Babylon were transported to Seleucia, where a palace and a temple (Esagila) were built.

    Jeremiah 51:44 

    I will punish Bel in Babylon and make him spew out what he has swallowed. The nations will no longer stream to him. And the wall of Babylon will fall.  

    The remains of the city are in present-day HillahBabil GovernorateIraq, about 85 kilometres (53 mi) south of Baghdad, comprising a large tell of broken mud-brick buildings and debris.

    Vision of Hell

    ​Joel 2/Acts 2: 28/17And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:

    Numbers 12:6 And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I the LORD will make myself known unto him in a visionand will speak unto him in a dream.

    2 Corinthians 12: 2I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven. 3And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;)

    Numbers 24:4He hath said, which heard the words of God, which saw the vision of the Almighty, falling into a trance, but having his eyes open:

    Job 7:14Then thou scarest me with dreams, and terrifiest me through visions:15So that my soul chooseth strangling, and death rather than my life.

    Job 33:15In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed;

    Job 14 : 13In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falleth on men,

    14Fear came upon me, and trembling, which made all my bones to shake

    Description of hell and the things in it

    Isaiah 24 : 22And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.

    Proverbs 7 : 27Her house is the way to hell, going down to the chambers of death.

    Job 17 : 16They shall go down to the bars of the pit, when our rest together is in the dust

    Jonah 6 : 6I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars was about me for ever: yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, O LORD my God.

    ZECHARIAH 9 : 11As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water. 

    Lamentation 3 : 6He hath set me in dark places, as they that be dead of old

    Jude :6And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day… 13… wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

    Exodus 10:.. even darkness which may be felt

    Matthew 2541Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:

    Isaiah 14 : 11Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.

    Mark 9 : 44/46/48Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

    The human body in hell

    1 Corinthians 15 : 44It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.

    Isaiah 14 :9Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.10All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we? art thou become like unto us

    Psalm 88 : 4I am counted with them that go down into the pit: I am as a man that hath no strength:

    Isaiah 38 : 18For the grave cannot praise thee, death can not celebrate thee: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth.

    Matthew 10 :  28And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.

    Isaiah 5721There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.

    Matthew 13 : 49So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, 50And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

    Ecclesiastic 9 : 10Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, doit with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest

    Job 7 : 9As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth away: so he that goeth down to the grave shall come up no more.

    Revelation 14 : 11And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name

    Psalm 50 : 22Now consider this, ye that forget God, lest I tear you in pieces, and there benone to deliver.

    Mark 24 : 51And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

    The guards in hell

    Mark 9 :25When Jesus saw that the people came running together, he rebuked the foul spirit

    Revelation 12 :2And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.

    John 15 : 18If the world hate you, ye know that it hated Me before it hated you

    Matthew 18 : 34And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him. 35So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.

    Luke 12 :47And that servant, which knew his lord’s will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.

    So why?  What did YHWH say? 

    Deuteronomy 32 

    22For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.23I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them.24They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction: I will also send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust.25The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray hairs.