First temple : Solomon 


18And Gad came that day to David, and said unto him, Go up, rear an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Araunah the Jebusite.

24And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will surely buy it of thee at a price: neither will I offer burnt offerings unto the LORD my God of that which doth cost me nothing. So David bought the threshingfloor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. 

25So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold by weight. 26And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD

The price of Araunah’s threshing floor, where David offered his sacrifices, was only fifty shekels of silver for the threshing for and the oxen. However, David (possibly later) paid Araunah (also called Ornan) “six hundred shekels of gold” for his “place” (I Chronicles 21:25). This place evidently included all the grounds on which the magnificent temple of Solomon would eventually be built.

1Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the LORDappeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.

The land David chose, a threshing floor, was associated with Moriah, where the patriarch Abraham brought his son Isaac for sacrifice (Genesis 22:14). (In the Bible, the mount is also referred to as “Zion,” a name that eventually came to encompass the entire Land of Israel.)

The land on which Solomon built the temple had been acquired by King David, Solomon’s father, who thought to build a grand temple himself. But the Lord, according to the biblical story, rejected David’s ambition because of the king’s sins and the job passed to the son. Mount Ophel, where the Spring of Siloam poured tons of water under the threshold of the temple every minute (Ezek 47:1), after which the water was distributed wherever it was needed. This marvelous little City of David was unique in having running water 3,000 years ago. Aristeas, Tacitus and 1 Enoch tell of the inexhaustible spring water system that was indescribably well developed, gushing tons of water into the temple area for sacrifices. Hezekiah’s tunnel directed water under Mount Ophel to the Pool of Siloam.

Solomon’s Temple called by the Jews, the “First Temple” was destroyed by the siege of Nebuchadnezzar and the armies of Babylon on the 9th of Av in 586 BC

Solomon’s Temple sustained several attacks by foreign powers before finally, in 586 B.C.E., being totally destroyed by the army of Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonian king. The residents of Judah were sent into a short-lived exile, in what is present-day Iraq.

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