The names Melchizedek and Salem suggest the uniqueness of the king of Salem and his people. In fact, the very name Melchizedek consists of the two Hebrew words malkî (“king”) and sedeq(“righteousness”), implying the king of Salem’s faith in God—“My king is righteousness.” 1 Similarly, the Apostle Paul interpreted Melchizedek as “King of righteousness” (Heb. 7:2).Salem, the name of Melchizedek’s land or city, may mean “peace” or “peaceful.”
According to the Book of Joshua, Adonizedek led a confederation of Jebusites, and the tribes from the neighbouring cities of Jarmuth, Lachish, Eglon and Hebron against Joshua, but was soundly defeated and killed.
As for the Jebusites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah couldn’t drive them out; but the Jebusites live with the children of Judah at Jerusalem to this day.
0And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah… and she brought him into her father’s house: and when the father of the damsel saw him, he rejoiced to meet him… And they stayed six days…
But the man would not stay another night, but he rose up and departed, and came over against Jebus, which isJerusalem; and there were with him two asses saddled, his concubine also waswith him. 11And when they were by Jebus, the day was far spent; and the servant said unto his master, Come, I pray thee, and let us turn in into this city of the Jebusites, and lodge in it. 12And his master said unto him, We will not turn aside hither into the city of a stranger, that is not of the children of Israel; we will pass over to Gibeah.
The border of…. went down to the edge of the hill which is in the valley of Ben-hinnom (son of Hinnom) , which is in the valley of Rephaim northward; and it went down to the valley of Hinnom, to the slope of the Jebusite southward, and went down to En-rogel.
According to the Books of Samuel, the Jebusites still had control of Jerusalem at the time of King David, but David wished to take control of the city.
Later King David and all Israel went to Jerusalem (or Jebus, as it used to be called), where the Jebusites, the original inhabitants of the land, were living.
The people of Jebus taunted David, saying, “You’ll never get in here!” But David captured the fortress of Zion, which is now called the City of David.
The Books of Kings state that once Jerusalem had become an Israelite city, the surviving Jebusites were forced by Solomon to become serfs.
North is at the top of the map. The Mount of Olives is on the far right, Mount Zion on the left. Mount Moriah rises as a long ridge at the south end of the City of David and continues on past the present Temple Mount, and reaches its highest point outside the Northern walls of the Old City, at the top of the map.